Bethany Gislason is an avid gardener who has spent over a decade nurturing perennials. Her passion for gardening has led her to explore new plants and sustainable techniques, resulting in picturesque and enduring gardens. Away from her garden, Bethany is a hiking enthusiast and an ardent reader.
When it comes to designing a perennial garden, there are several different styles to choose from. Each style has its own unique characteristics and can create a distinct atmosphere in your outdoor space. Let's explore some of the most popular garden design styles and how they differ from each other.
1. Formal Gardens: Formal gardens are known for their symmetrical and structured layouts. They often feature geometric shapes, straight lines, and meticulously trimmed hedges. These gardens are great for creating a sense of elegance and order. Common plants found in formal gardens include boxwood shrubs, roses, and topiaries.
2. Cottage Gardens: Cottage gardens are charming and romantic, with a relaxed and informal feel. They often feature a mix of colorful flowers, herbs, and vegetables. Cottage gardens are known for their abundance and variety, with plants spilling over pathways and fences. Popular plants for cottage gardens include roses, lavender, delphiniums, and hollyhocks.
3. Modern Gardens: Modern gardens are sleek, minimalist, and often incorporate architectural elements. They focus on clean lines, simplicity, and the use of modern materials such as concrete and metal. Plants in modern gardens are often chosen for their sculptural qualities, such as ornamental grasses, succulents, and bamboo.
4. Japanese Gardens: Japanese gardens are inspired by traditional Japanese aesthetics and principles. They aim to create a sense of tranquility and harmony with nature. Japanese gardens often feature elements such as water, rocks, and carefully pruned trees. Common plants found in Japanese gardens include Japanese maples, bamboo, and moss.
5. Wildflower Gardens: Wildflower gardens are designed to mimic the beauty of natural meadows and prairies. They are characterized by their informal and naturalistic appearance. These gardens often include a mix of native wildflowers, grasses, and other plants that attract pollinators. Popular plants for wildflower gardens include black-eyed Susans, coneflowers, and native grasses.
6. Rock Gardens: Rock gardens are designed to mimic mountain landscapes and often feature a combination of rocks, gravel, and alpine plants. These gardens are great for creating a low-maintenance and drought-tolerant landscape. Plants commonly found in rock gardens include sedums, alpine phlox, and dwarf conifers.
Remember, these are just a few examples of garden design styles, and you can always mix and match elements from different styles to create a garden that reflects your personal taste. Consider the overall aesthetic you want to achieve, the climate and conditions of your garden, and the types of plants that thrive in your area.
By understanding the different garden design styles and their unique characteristics, you can create a perennial garden that not only suits your preferences but also enhances the beauty of your outdoor space. Happy gardening!